EXTENSION OF BITAC
SELF-EMPLOYMENT AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION
THROUGH HANDS-ON TECHNICAL TRAINING
BANGLADESH INDUSTRIAL TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE CENTRE (BITAC)
MINISTRY OF INDUSTRIES
GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH
“Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper” (PRSP) is giving emphasize on the participation of women in different technical fields by building their skill through various vocational and technical training. Since technology is the strategic variable in the modern entrepreneurship development, woman workforce enriched with technology i.e. technical know-how and skill, will make a drastic change in overall socio-economic situation of the country.
Creating job opportunity for men and women is also heavily and rightly stressed upon. Industrialization is the only means to grow this sector. To develop sustainable industry, technically trained manpower is the vital issue. Bangladesh Industrial Technical Assistance Center (BITAC), an organization under the Ministry of Industries established to give the technical support to the industries, can play a vital role by training young generation specially the group who are not able to cross the secondary education level due to various social and economical hindrances.
For development of industries, presence of certain factors is very essential.Firstly, there must be available adequate number of technically capable manpower to run the industries efficiently. Secondly, the industries would need technical advice to overcome the problems that they face during operation of machineries. This service must be provided to them promptly.Thirdly, the productivity of the industries must be increased, which would require use of appropriate technology, adoption of improved tools and processes, use of indigenous raw materials, etc. This involves R & D works, which could be undertaken by some agency on behalf of the industries and results delivered to them. Fourthly, for repair and maintenance work, the industries would need various types of spare parts, prompt and timely supply of which is key to keeping the industrial units operational. Development of the spare parts locally is, therefore, of vital importance.
Bangladesh Industrial Technical Assistance Centre (BITAC), under its charter, is entrusted with the responsibility of providing the above-mentioned services. The four centres of BITAC located at Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna and Chandpur provide the necessary services to the industries both in the public and private sectors.
During the last two decades, the government of Bangladesh has undertaken enormous effort for the educational development of women by waiving tuition fees up to HSC level including other facilities. As a result, the percentage of women education in the country has increased tremendously. To provide the educated women in different organizations or institutions, some technical education and training are required. Women who completed up to higher education level are not getting jobs for want of practicable technical skill. Besides these, some other groups of women who are deprived from the above opportunity are victimized in the society for social placement. Now this is the accurate time to trigger towards the skill development of this kind of underprivileged and distressed womens, so that they can earn their livelihood and contribute towards the enhancement of GDP. For participation of women in economic activities, they must have adequate and appropriate capacity as well as self-confidence & courage to engage in income generating activities against social and economic hurdles.
To build such capacity, thorough and practical hands-on training must be provided. This training must also be suitable for real life job situations that women of different age groups and education background are likely to encounter. Such trainings should enable women to compete in technical job market on equal grounds.
The Bangladesh Industrial Technical Assistance Centre (BITAC), an organization under the Ministry of Industries, is entrusted with the responsibility of providing Technical Trainings and dissemination of Technical know-how for industrialization in the country. It can play a vital role by providing appropriate technical training to poor, underprivileged and distressed women only by addition of some equipments and financial assistance. BITAC has long been at the forefront of technical training in the country with necessary infrastructure, environment and decades of experience.
Due to the socio-economic condition in Bangladesh, the contribution of women in economic activities is very low. In a recent survey by BBS it is revealed that women entrepreneurs constitute only 7.4% of the SMEs. To increase their participation, BITAC can arrange suitable technical training that can impart necessary skills and self-confidence which will enable them to set up small workshop for self employment. This will lead to encourage the development of SME and foreign employment. It will also help to empower impoverished and deprived women of the country. Some recent requirements of technically skilled manpower in International Market in the relevant fields are shown in Annexure – X.
Women who did not complete secondary school education may be set as target group-1, widows or divorcees without economic backing and middle-aged distressed women as target group-2 and educationally qualified but jobless women as target group-3. Trades, contents and goals of training can then be set to suit each group’s diverse need. It will thus ensure participation of women at proper levels.
2. Commitment of government
Bangladesh achieved its independence thirty eight years ago through the supreme sacrifices of thirty lakh Bengalis, three crore displaced people and half a million abused and tortured women. Today, the country stands at the crossroad